Gaborone Botswana Capital and Botswana Traditions2 min read

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Let’s take a closer look at one of the highly under rated country in Africa, Botswana. The capital of Botswana is GABORONE. Gaborone is one of the youngest metropolitan cities in Africa.  The discovery of diamonds in the 1970s has made Gaborone one of the most expensive cities to leave in Africa. Botswana is one of the countries in Southern Africa that is bordered by Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Africa. Most part of Botswana is closed to the desert. The western part is occupied by the Kalahari Desert, the salt lake to the north and the hills to the east.




Formerly known as Bechuanaland under the British, Botswana became an independent country in June 1966 after the British accepted its proposal for independence.  The capital of Botswana previously in Mafikeng South Africa was moved in 1965 to the new capital Gaborone. Seretse Khama was elected as the first president of Botswana in the country first general election that took place in September 1966.  Ketumile Masire elected in 1984 became the country’s second president. The third president of Botswana was Festus Mogae elected in 1999 while the fourth was Ian Khama. Ian Khama was the son of the country’s first leader Seretse Khama. The fifth and current president of Botswana is Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe who was elected in April 2018.

The People of Botswana (Motswana) are known generally as Batswana. The tribal groups in Botswana are divided into the Tswana,Bakalanga, Herero, Basubiya and Wayeyi or Bayei.  There are basically eight major tribes in Botswana and the Tswana are the largest tribal group.

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Facts & Figures about Botswana:

The population of Botswana is approximately 2.6 Million (2016 Est)

Life Expectancy: 54.06

Currency of Botswana is Pula

Total Area: 231,803 Sq meters

Africa’s oldest democratic nation is Botswana.

One of the biggest challenges of Botswana is HIV/AIDS

Diamond is one of Botswana main foreign export

Botswana is one of the wealthiest countries in Africa

Most European and Commonwealth countries do not require visa for entry into Botswana. Visitors and prospective tourists are advised to check with Botswana embassies or travel agents before visiting Botswana.