Important Facts About Australia You Don’t Know8 min read

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The Australian flag has a blue field with a Union Jack on the upper hoist corner to represent that it was a former colony and a current Commonwealth of the United Kingdom with a large star under it representing the Commonwealth and the five stars on the right the Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon Cruces to the right representing the Southern Cross constellation. As an island nation or rather large one but still an island, Australia doesn’t have any borders with any other nations but that doesn’t mean that Australia doesn’t have some intriguing parameters. The country divides itself up in a rather interesting way. Like the US, Australia has States not provinces and six of them and each one kind of has their own little Flair and quirks like Tasmania known for being crazy and where things get a little interesting though are the territories.

Australia has three domestic internal territories and six overseas territories; technically there are seven if you include the Australian and Antarctic Territory even though the Antarctic Treaty kind of bans anybody from claiming Antarctic soil as their own. The three internal territories are Northern Territory, Capital Territory which is basically just the capital city of Canberra and some extra space around it and the confusing little tike Jervis Bay territory. Jervis Bay was bought and developed to give the inland capital Canberra access to the sea and eventually Jervis Bay split from the capital however it’s still counted as part of the capital in elections even though it really doesn’t have much going for it except for a small Navy base and beaches that it kind of took from other neighboring towns.




The most dramatic border area though would have to be the middle of Australia, for years this slab of land didn’t exactly quite know how to distinguish itself and has gone through four transitions in the past century. First it was all South Australia which didn’t quite make sense because parts of it touched in northern parts of Australia so it split into two one state and one territory. Then for four years it became South Australia and two territories the new one being called central Australian territory and finally it changed its mind and went back to being Northern Territory. Although Australia has over 8,000 islands under its sovereignty six of these islands operate as distinct territories some of which sustain themselves with permanent populations. They are Ashmore and Cartier, the Coco’s or Keeling’s Islands, Coral Sea Islands, the Heard and McDonald Islands and the popular holiday spot Norfolk Island and the pleasant Christmas Island that gets attacked by huge coconut crabs every year.

Australia is home to arguably the most micro nations in the world, places like the Principality of Wy, Rainbow Creek, the Empire of Atlantium and more. These nations were developed by either small groups of people or a single person because they were doing things like protesting taxes and wanted to claim autonomy or they were just kind of bored and decided to amuse themselves.

Not all of Australia is a desert but only about 35%. Besides Antarctica, Australia is the driest continent on the planet which explains why yes 85 percent of the population lives along the edges of the country within 50 kilometers of the coast. Nonetheless a lot of places specifically around the coasts actually have very temperate and even tropical landscapes, by the north you find tropical zones and wetlands and rainforests, by the far edges on the east and west you can find subtropical zones with lighter forests and plains, a little bit inland close to the interior you find grasslands and flat stretches of semi-arid terrain, in the southeast by Sydney you find temperate cooler arid land with semi-tropical yet slightly dry areas with an abundance of trees and plants, then of course you have Tasmania which is on a completely different level of green then we reach the deep interior where we hit the great deserts like the great Victoria and great sandy deserts this area is famous the Outback.

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The Outback is essentially the area of Australia with long open stretches of red and orange desert that lays out beyond the horizon with few sparse populations of people that can be found anywhere, it has a dry rocky rugged terrain that everybody assumes is teeming with a variety of poisonous insects and reptiles and well there’s more to it than just that. Don’t forget Lake Hillier, that strange Lake that is mysteriously naturally pink for some strange reason that baffles scientists.  If there’s one thing that really epitomizes Australia it would have to be its world-renowned beaches and coasts. People flock from all over the world just to enjoy the beautiful pristine atmosphere of a real authentic Australian beach however, just remember to put on your sunscreen though. Australians actually kind of have a joke where they can tell who the ignorant tourists are, it’s usually the ones who think they’ll be totally fine sitting out in the Sun for more than 20 minutes. Skin cancer rates are actually exceptionally high in Australia and the population has acknowledged the precautions that they need to take.

We all know that Australia is home to some of the most unique and curiously distinct animal species in the world not found anywhere else however Australia is also known as the home of many feral species. Australia has over 50 invasive species that were brought over to the land from areas mostly in Europe and over the course of nearly one and a half centuries have bred and spread like wildfire all over the country. Animals like the European rabbit, red Fox, water buffalos, goats, pigs even camels and worst of all the famous cane toad. They’ve all gone wild and have cost the Australian government billions of dollars in environmental damages and maintenance.

Today Australia has a population of about 23 million people and to many outsiders Australia is kind of known as the place where the British sent their prisoners. During the early years of Australia’s colonization from the UK, droves of convicts were sent to penal colonies in Botany Bay which is now in present-day Sydney for 165 thousand convicts about 25,000 of which were women were sent over the course of 80 years. Although the British weren’t the first ones to discover Australia it was actually the Dutch as they came they named the land new Holland and the adjacent island next door New Zealand after the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands. As we will soon discover, the Dutch were really good at discovering places but were not so good at colonizing and maintaining those places for themselves.

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Most of Australia’s population came from natural colonization from British non convict nationals. Some would argue that Australia was kind of like the UK’s version of operation back-up plan in case of America goes crazy. After the American Revolution the UK tried to compensate for lost colonies by reestablishing new ones and Australia was hot on the list. About 85 percent of the population is European, Asians make up the next largest minority of about 12% mostly coming from China and India and other Southeast Asian countries like Vietnam and the Philippines. Australia does have black people although not many but before the Federation began, Africans mostly from sub-Saharan countries like South Africa Mauritius, Zimbabwe and Sudan have historically resided in Australia. It wasn’t until the 60s when African Assistance Programs allowed many Africans to study and eventually move to Australia today they make up about 1% of the population. One demographic of people that commonly gets overlooked or would have to be the native Australians commonly known as the Aborigines which make up about 3% of the population.

Aborigines are very unique and distinct people group that come from hundreds of different tribes each with their own language and dialect spread throughout the north-south and central regions. Today Aboriginal rights are a huge hot-button topic in Australian legislation and about 22 percent in the land of northern Australia is Aboriginal owned. In 2013, Aboriginal groups actually banded together and decided to kind of make their own little state called the Murrawari Republic independent from Australia. The Australian government though it doesn’t really recognize this claim but just kind of brushes it off.

Australia is a very popular country and everybody knows something about Australia however when it comes to friends, Australia not only goes for the cool kids but also the strategic ones. Australia gets along with many of its Asian neighbors nations specifically China and India as large numbers of people from those nations live in Australia and they do great business with them as well. Australia gets along pretty well with the islands of Oceania except Fiji.

In 2006 Australia refused to back up a military coup that overthrew the government in Fiji and since then things have been a little weird between the two countries. In terms of their best friends though of course New Zealand would have to rank in the top level and they are basically like siblings that share is very similar culture, language and histories as former colonies whereas the UK also has a high priority on Australia’s entourage as they make up the largest demographic of people ethnically and as migrants in the country.

The Americans and Australia have a little crush on each other; Australia is always there to back up the USA in times when allies are necessary and the USA love Australians. Almost any Australian that comes to the USA is immediately loved and welcomed even if they are slightly sociopathic, one sentence with that accent and the Americans are smitten. In conclusion, everybody loves Australia.