Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa. The official name of the nation is the Republic of Mozambique. It’s bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the – northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. The official language is Portuguese. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Mozambique was estimated to be 29, 161, 872 people. It’s the 35th largest country in the world with regards to a land area of 801, 590 square kilometers. Maputo is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. To the north of the Zambezi river, a narrow shoreline and bordering plateau climbs towards the hills and a series of rugged highlands punctuated by scattered mountains.
To the south of the Zambezi River, the lowlands are wider with the Mashonaland plateau and Lebombo Mountains based in the Deep South. Monte Binga is the highest mountain in Mozambique and the second highest mountain in Zimbabwe. The shore is especially notable for its large marine animals like whales, whale sharks, and dolphins. The network of protected areas in Mozambique covers about 22% of the national territory. The park was once on the list of Africas premier safari destinations. Throughout the 80s civil war, its resident population of lions, hippos, rhinos, and buffaloes was decimated, leading to a post-conflict international effort to reintroduce and restore the species to their glory.
These days, the parks mixture of jade green wetlands, savannahs, fever tree forests, and palm-dotted landscapes are again homeland of indigenous fauna, with breeding programs advancing year by year. Lake Malawi, also known as Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake. The lake is home to more species of fish than every other lake, including at least 700 species of cichlids. The Mozambique portion of the lake was officially declared a reserve by the Government of Mozambique on June 10, 2011. The Island of Mozambique lies off northern Mozambique, between the Mozambique Channel and Mossuril Bay, and is part of Nampula Province.
Prior to 1898, it was the capital of colonial Portuguese East Africa. With its rich history and sandy beaches, the Island of Mozambique is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of Mozambique’s fastest growing destinations for tourist. The Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte is situated at the most eastern tip of the Island of Mozambique. Built by the Portuguese in 1522, the chapel is regarded as the oldest European building in the south-east hemisphere. The church is of modernist architecture, built in 1962 in accordance with the project architect Portuguese Cavreiro Nuno Lopes. This church was restored in 1992. The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception is an Ancient Rome Catholic cathedral in downtown Maputo, the capital of Mozambique.