Lists of West African Countries and Their Capitals.6 min read

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Let’s take a look at some of the vital information you need to know about all the countries that makes up the West Africa region.

1.       Burkina Faso: The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou and the official national language is the French Language. It has an estimated area of about 274,200 sq kilometres. The population of Burkina Faso is estimated to be about 17,322,796 according to the 2014 census figure. The currency is the West African CFA.


2.       Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe: The capital of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is São Tomé and the official national language is Portuguese. São Tomé and Príncipe have an estimated area of about 964 sq kilometres with an estimated population of about 192,993 according to the 2013 census figures. The currency is Dobra.


3.       Federal Republic of Nigeria: The capital of Nigeria is Abuja and the national official language of Nigerians is the English Language. The country has an area of 923,768 sq kilometres with an estimated population of about 188,462,640 people according to the 2015 census figures. The official currency of Nigeria is the Naira.

4.       Islamic Republic of Mauritania: The capital of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania is Nouakchott and the official national language of Mauritanians is the Arabic language. The country has an estimated area of about 1,030,000 sq kilometres with a total population of about 3,537,368 people according to the 2013 census figures. The currency of Mauritania is the Ouguiya.

5.       Republic of Benin: The Republic of Benin capital is Porto-Novo and the official national language of Benin is the French language. The land area of the country is approximately 114,763 sq kilometres with an estimated population of 10,878,829 people according to the 2015 national census figures. The currency of Benin is the West African CFA franc.

West African Countries. (Photo Credit: MyNigeriaJournal)


6.       Republic of Cabo Verde: The capital of the Republic of Cabo Verde is Praia and official national language is Portuguese. Cape Verde has an estimate land area of 4,033 sq kilometres with a total population of about 525,000 Cape Verdeans according to the 2015 national census figures. The currency used by Cape Verdeans is the Cape Verdean Escudo.

7.       Republic of Cameroon: Although most often considered as part of Central Africa, the capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé and both French and English is spoken as the official national language. The landarea of Cameroon is 475,442 sq kilometres with a population of roughly 22,534,532 people according to the 2013 census figures. The currency is the Central African CFA franc.

8.       Republic of Chad:  The capital of the Republic of Chad is N’Djamena while the official national language of Chadians is French and Arabic respectively. The country has an estimate area of 1,284,000 sq kilometres with a total population of about 13,670,084 people according to the 2015 national census figures. The Chadian currency is the African CFA franc.

9.       The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire’s capital is Abidjan and the official national language is French. The country has an estimated land area of 322,463 sq kilometres with a total population of about 26,578,367 people according to the 2015 census figures. The official currency of Ivoirians is the West African CFA franc.

10.    Republic of Equatorial Guinea: The capital of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo country’s official national language is Spanish. The total land area of Equatorial Guinea is 28,050 sq kilometres. According to the 2015 national census, the population of Equatoguineans stood at 1,222,442. The currency of Equatorial Guinea is the Central African CFA franc.

11.    The Republic of Ghana: Accra is the capital of Ghana and the official national language in Ghana is the English language. Ghana is about 238,535 sq kilometres with a population of about 27,043,093 people according to 2014 Census figures. The Ghanaian Cedi is the currency of Ghana.

12.    The Republic of Guinea: Conakry is the capital of the Republic of Guinea. French is the official national language of Guineans. The country has an estimated area of about 245,836 sq kilometres. The population of Guineans according to the 2014 census figures is 11,628,972. The currency is the Guinean Franc.

13.    The Republic of Guinea-Bissau: Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau and the national language is Portuguese. The country is about 36,125 sq kilometres in area with a population of about 1,693,398 people according to the 2014 census estimate. The currency of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau is the West African CFA franc.

14.    The Republic of Liberia: The capital of Liberia is Monrovia and the official national language: of Liberia is English. The country has a total area size of about 111,369 sq kilometres with a total population of about 4,503,000 people according to the 2015 census estimate. The currency of Liberia is the Liberian dollar.

15.    Republic of Mali: The Malian capital is Bamako and the national language is French. The country has an estimated area of 1,240,192 sq kilometres with a total population of about 14,517,176 people according to the 2009 estimated census figures. The Malian currency is the West African CFA franc.

16.    The Republic of Senegal: Dakar is the capital of Senegal and the official national spoken language is the French language. The country has an estimated area size of about 196,712 sq kilometres with a total population of about 14,320,055 people according to the 2016 census figures. The Senegalese uses the CFA franc.

17.    Republic of Sierra Leone: The capital of Sierra Leone is Freetown and the official spoken language is the English language. The country has an estimated area size of 71,840 sq kilometres with a total population of about 7,075,641 people according to 2015 figures. The currency is the Leone.

18.    The Republic of Gambia: The capital of Gambia is Banjul and the national spoken language is English. Gambia has an estimated area of 10,689 sq kilometres with a population of about 1,882,450 people according to the 2013 estimated census figures. The currency of Gambia is Dalasi.

19.    The Republic of Niger: The capital of Niger is Niamey and the official national language is the French language. The total area of the country is about 1,267,000 sq kilometres with a population of about 18,638,600 people according to the 2016 census figures.  The currency used is the West African CFA franc.

20.    Saint Helena: The capital of Saint Helena is Jamestown and the national language is English. The country is about 121 sq kilometres with a population: 4,534 people according to the 2016 census figures.  The currency used is the Saint Helena Pound.

21.    Togolese Republic: The capital of Togo is Lomé and the national language in Togo is French. The country is 56,785 sq kilometres in area and the total population according to the 2015 census figures is 7,552,318 people. The official currency is the West African CFA franc.
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