Where is Bulgaria Located? 10 Bulgaria Facts You Don’t Know.9 min read

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Looking for where is Bulgaria Located? Here are amazing Bulgaria facts you probably don’t know. The flag of Bulgaria has a tricolour consisting of three equally sized horizontal bands white green and red. When it comes to symbolism even Bulgarians themselves aren’t a hundred percent sure exactly what each band means however it’s generally accepted that they are inspired by the Pan-Slav movement colors however, it’s accepted that these are the definitions. The white represents love and peace and freedom and spirituality, the green represents the youthfulness as a new liberated state agriculture character and the beauty of nature and the red represents the valor and the blood spilled of those who fought for the country and for the heroes of Bulgaria.




Very few people actually know where Bulgaria is on a map but when you look at the map, you’ll realize that its position is important to the entire continent of Europe. First of all, Bulgaria is located on the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula bordered by five other countries and the Black Sea to the east. Since Bulgaria is Europe’s closest point to Turkey it’s kind of seen as like the crossroads between Europe and Asia. The capital is Sofia located in the West and the country is divided into 28 provinces and the capital Sofia acts as its own province as well. Sofia has a wonderful unique ambiance as a city that still retains its residue shavings from the former Soviet identity but with a modern westernized Democratic appeal that exudes through the billboards and media.

About 80 percent of the border with Romania rests on the mighty Danube River and the borders with Serbia, Macedonia or the former Yugoslavia public of Macedonia and Greece rest on the mountains and hills like the Balkan range, the Pirin range and the Rhodope range. Bulgaria is very lucky because in addition to having a nice geological mountainous shell to encapsulate the they have a wonderful Black Sea to the east which has played a heavily influential role in the development of the Bulgarian nation. The coast is classified as a humid subtropical climate zone with an abundance of pristine golden beaches the most popular ones off the coast of Varna in Burgas in the Black Sea. Bulgaria owns five small islands and islets each named after a saint and each with a unique charm and backstory for example St. Thomas Island is one of the only places in all of Bulgaria where cacti grow. St. Ivan Island which supposedly has the remains of John the Baptist from the Bible and St. Anastasia Island has a jail that prisoners escaped from long ago.

Bulgaria is land comprises of a lot of history to say the very least. In the south by the Gorna Krepost you have the Perperikon the Thracian City ruins of the strange ancient culture of the Thracians, in Kazanlak you have the Thracian tomb of Kazanlak. Nobody quite exactly knows how the downfall of these cities happened but reading into history accounts on few probable theories. The monuments tell a lot of story. The Bulgarians have a saying that when God divided up nations amongst the people the Bulgarians were late so God gave them a piece of heaven now whether or not you agree or disagree with that you can’t deny the fact that Bulgaria does have some pretty nice grounds.

The country is divided into two general topographical areas the mountainous East with the Balkan Rila and Rhodopes ranges and the low-lying flatter Danube Valley and the Gorna Krepost lowlands in which multiple rivers and lakes can be found in addition to the majority of agriculture plots and graze lands for livestock. Bulgaria is the only place in the world where the yogurt is fermented with the lactobacillus bulgaricus culture that is only found in the air of Bulgaria. This bacterium gives the yoghurt a distinct flavor unlike any other yogurt with the milk coming from cows or sheep that typically graze off of high herb rich pastures enriching the product with even more health benefits.

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You also have the Black Sea which Bulgaria has been dependent on for centuries for trade and business but also has been capitalizing on for tourism. Many Europeans consider the Black Sea coast as their secret getaway spot that nobody really knows about because everybody’s so concerned about thinking that Barcelona and Nice are the only places that one can go to. Because of natural borders by mountains in conjunction with wind and weather patterns and water flow Bulgaria is home to a wide variety of entertainingly strange natural landmarks such as the belogradchik eroded rock cliffs, the stone mushrooms of Beliplast, the Pobiti Kamani stones also keep in mind the Pobiti Kamani area in addition to the Tabernas region of Spain is one of the only two naturally occurring deserts in all of Europe and then we get to something that Bulgaria is definitely not in short supply of, the caves and waterfall. We reach places like The Devil’s Throat cave with the world’s highest underground waterfall, the Devatashka cave with holes in its ceiling, the eyes of God cave in Trahana, in fact Bulgaria has over 4,500 charted caves in its entire country also keep in mind that 32 of the 37 species of bats in Europe call Bulgaria home so if there’s one thing you can take away from this it’s that Bulgaria is a very Cavy place.



Waterfalls also speckle the landscape mostly in the eastern mountainous regions. The tallest one in the Balkans being the Raiskoto Praskalo, the picturesque Krushuna Falls and the town with the most fortunate fairytale view Skaklya which has waterfall looming above their skyline on the mountain ever flowing from the cliffs adjacent to the direct vicinity of their town. If you ask Bulgarians one more thing that they’ll tell you that they’re proud of is their roses. Roses are cultivated all across the entire country but most heavily in the Rose Valley just below the Balkan mountain range. Bulgaria peruses over 70% of the world’s rose oil a substance used by pressing on the pedals and also most commonly used in perfumery. They have so many roses that typically the abundance allows them to have rose festivals in which they parade around with roses, have a Rose Queen beauty contest and kind of just end up dancing around and throw roses all over the place.

Bulgarians maybe Slavic but they definitely have their own Bulgarian way of doing things. Bulgaria has a population of about seven and a half million people most of whom at 85% identify as ethnically Bulgarian. Nine percent of the population identify as Turks while about five percent are Roma commonly referred to as gypsies making Bulgaria the country with the third highest gypsy population and the remainder of the people coming from other nationalities.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Bulgaria has one of the highest populations declines in the world. They used to have around nine million people back in 1990 but since then the emigration and death rate has surged past the population growth rate and since then Bulgaria has seen a rather alarming population decline in the past few decades. This all had to do partially with company privatization and the social structure investments going completely out of whack after independence from the former Soviet Union.

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Statistics project at about 60,000 people leave Bulgaria every year and in 2012, twenty-four towns were completely wiped off the map as they were completely abandoned and about 170 towns are on the verge of extinction. The good news though is that this makes Bulgaria one of the perfect places for cheap shopping, real estate business and cheap vacation getaways. In fact, since recently joining the EU and NATO which is by the way caused a lot of controversy, Bulgaria has seen a completely unprecedented level of tourism and business booming.




Ethnic Bulgarian people will tell you that they have roots from the Bulgar tribes which nomadically came from the eastern regions of Eurasia as far speculated as the Central Asian regions until they eventually settled down into what is now known as modern Ukraine. Eventually they came down and mixed in with the Slavs and formed Bulgaria. Culture wise Bulgaria is proud to proclaim itself as the birthplace of the Cyrillic alphabet used by over 250 million people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia extending as far as Mongolia. Bulgaria is one of the only few places in the world where people shake their head to say yes and nard their heads to say no.

Bulgaria has one of the most anomalous cores of companions that you would never really expect them to engage with comfortably. First off, the strange thing is in 2004 in addition to other former Soviet states, Bulgaria took a bold step and joined NATO and three years later joined the EU. This was kind of a big deal considering the Soviet linked past and the ties that Bulgaria was rooted in. This move also opened up Bulgaria’s diplomacy to unparalleled standards that they never really had before. All this kind of puts Bulgaria in a very unique intercessory class status when it comes to East versus West.

Typically, Bulgaria will kind of act as like a mediator for the EU and NATO when it comes to cross operational engagement. When it comes to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia commonly referred to as just Macedonia Bulgaria has a strange relationship. By all means these two countries speak the same language and have pretty similar backgrounds as Slavic nations the problem is where things went down about 80 years ago. They generally do not favor turkey that much because for 500 years they were under the Ottoman Empire and they pretty much hated every second of it. It wasn’t until the 19th century when they finally gained their independence with the help of the Russians fighting alongside with them. This means that Russia is kind of seen as like the brother friend of Bulgaria even though in every aligned organizational sense they kind of took every step away from Russia and even though they were kind of taken over by the Soviets for a long-time tension are low and they still get along great.

However, Romania is seen as like the new boyfriend that Bulgaria just started dating especially after joining the EU relations grew fast, the president’s regularly visit each other and hang out, businesses great, ferries and bridges connected two countries across the Danube where people love to visit each other and Romanian Bulgarian marriages are not uncommon. In conclusion, wax your moustaches and put on your skinny jeans because if you are so over the main stream you might want to just stop by and smell the roses.