Looking for where is Cambodia Located? Here are amazing Cambodia Facts You probably Don’t Know. The Cambodian flag is conveniently symbolic as it has three bands of two blue color at the top and bottom and red in the middle. In the center the is a picture of the temple of Angkor Wat a symbolic temple houses found throughout Cambodia. Blue is a traditional color of royalty and red represents the Cambodian people, the white of Angkor Wat symbolizes the spirituality of Cambodia as it is a heavily Buddhist nation.
Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia boarded by Thailand to the west, Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east and the Bay of Thailand to the south. The country is divided into 25 provinces and the capital is Phnom Penh. Phnom Penh formally named Chaktomak is actually very conveniently located in the country because it’s where the Mekong, the lower Mekong, the Bassac and Sap rivers all converge into one point. This is also where the royal family lives and a bustling city overtaken by mopeds bicycles and roads with no stop signs making traffic a free-for-all.
Off the coasts without including the small islands and rocks, Cambodia has over 80 main islands that they have sovereignty over most of which are close to the coast and quite easily accessible. Some can even be seen from beach, like the Snake island visible from the Hawaii Beach. The furthest of these islands and the southernmost point is the Koh Poulo Wai Islands which was originally used for military base but now is open to the public for tourists.
Cambodia is actually split into east and west by the Mekong River and the only way to get across to each side is either by ferry or to fly. In 2001, they opened their first bridge across the Mekong River the “Kizuna Bridge” funded by the Japanese government and after its opening the bridge joined the two parts of Cambodia by road for the first time, since then three more have been built and more projected to come in the future.
The town Seam Reap has an international airport so one can just fly over while going to Phnom Penh and then take a bus. If you take a look at Angkor Wat, you’ll not only notice the stunning the enticing view of botanically dominated temples and pagodas that have trees growing out of them, you’ll also notice that it has these perfectly straight geometric moats and reservoirs adjacent to the ruins. These were cleverly constructed by the Empire to aid irrigation and in return feed an entire city that was speculated to have the largest pre-industrial metropolis in Asia during that time. Otherwise most areas in Cambodia have villages that function in a subtropical developing way heavily based on the environment.
Cambodia is a landscape marvel. The country is generally characterized as having a low-lying central plain with hilly and light mountainous regions in the southwest and especially in the border by Vietnam. In Cambodia, rivers aren’t everywhere and in the middle part of the country you can find Tonle Sap the largest freshwater lake in all of Southeast Asia. Tonle Sap tone expands dramatically in the wet season and is home to enormous cluster of biodiversity including over 200 species of freshwater fish like the giant barb fish the National Fish of Cambodia that can reach like up to 3 meters long.
One of the best things about Cambodia would have to be the food. The world rice conference actually voted Cambodia is having the best rice in the world three years in a row and here’s possibly one of the reasons why. Like many of the third world countries, the good thing is that the food is mostly fresh and organic partially because most people can’t afford pesticides therefore almost every time you get a wholesome pure batch of produce. Although fish is the main source of protein that’s consumed, the majority of Cambodians are entomologists or people who consume insects in their diet. Insects are actually very nutritious as they are low in fat and carbs and high in protein and can be sold at same weight for the fraction of the price that the mainstream meat would cost for like beef and chicken.
Despite the fresh food, Cambodia’s economy is actually more heavily dependent on textiles and footwear. The tag on your shirt it might just be from Cambodia. Cambodia still maintains and facilitates elephant sanctuaries for the majestic Asian elephant. Almost revered in some parts as keepers take great care of them as a source of their livelihood especially when tourists come and kind of want to ride them.
Because of its brutal past, UNESCO has actually listed Cambodia as the third most landmine country in the world with about 4 million land mines that still need to be cleared out from the area. Because of this Cambodia actually has the highest per-capita percentage of amputees in the world. Each month are about 300 to 700 new amputations due to land my injuries. The country is slowly trying to fix this problem but for the time being the plausible threat still lingers especially in rural secluded areas.
It’s perfectly acceptable to refer to somebody in Cambodia as a Cambodian and although the term Cambodian is universally interchangeable term to refer to the Cambodian ethnicity the technically correct term to refer to the Cambodian ethnicity would be Khmer. The Cambodian language is also called Khmer and as well as the script and the culture. People who speak Khmer can understand a little bit of Thai and Lao as the languages have piggybacked off of each other for centuries. Most Khmer people can understand about one fourth to one third of the Thai and Lao languages if they listen really hard. The problem is unlike Khmer, Thai and Lao are actually total languages whereas Khmer isn’t so it can be a little confusing but overall, it’s like a code game when they talk to each other.
Cambodia has about fifteen and a half million people with the vast majority around 90% been ethnically Khmer, about 5% been Vietnamese and 1% Chinese and the remaining come from various people groups. About ninety-five percent of the country is Buddhist adhering to the Theravada branch of Buddhism while Islam and Christianity make up about two percent each with the remaining 1% to being other affiliations.
The really bad dictatorship in Cambodia was the Communist Party the “Khmer Rouge” that took over in the 70s and killed around one-fifth of Cambodia’s population approximately 1.5 to 3 million people. The victims were mostly educated people that were deemed a threat to the regime as well as priests and monks as the Marxist influenced ideologies of Pol Pot instituted and forced a secular state that opposed an outlawed all types of religion. Books were burned temples and churches were ransacked so essentially that explains why today about half of the population is about 15 and under. The genocide of the 70s effectively cut off an entire generation and those left would eventually have an explosion of children out numbering themselves within a few decades.
Cambodia is the only country in Asia that has a king of part French descent and he’s also the only monarch in Asia that speaks Czech fluently being King Norodom Sihamori. Culture wise, Cambodia really sticks out a lot of the customs are heavily influenced by Theravada Buddhism and traditional Khmer rituals. As a classified third world country, Cambodians live off of an average salary of two dollars and sixty cents a day. One thing you have to understand is that like many other countries in Southeast Asia, Cambodians are masters of vocational improvisation. Since the economy is highly unregulated working in Cambodia is kind of like a free-for-all. When it comes to money you can pretty much be and do anything you want. This can be a good and a bad thing because it allows Cambodians to innovate on all sorts of hustling for example you can start your own street corner gas station all you need is a steel drum and an air compressor, you can even sell gas in used Soda bottles. The downside however, is that it also opens up the door for a lot of controversial underground corrupt industries. Cambodia has some of the highest rates of human trafficking in the world including the trafficking of children.
As a third world country where poverty is quite rampant, Cambodians may have to hustle but they are surprisingly thrifty as well. After the monarchy was reestablished the government encouraged people to move back to abandoned towns by offering them free homes. These were typically used to operate small businesses like grocery stores, restaurants and moped repair shops and so on.
Although relations are generally okay today, Cambodia does essentially have a little bit of historical beef with its neighbors Thailand and Vietnam. Historically Thailand used to be the arch enemy of Cambodia and went through a number of conquests to rule over the entire area. To this day they still have few disputes over the Preah Vihear province. About 10 years ago riots broke out and flags and embassies were burned down as a Thai actress claimed that Angkor Wat belonged to Thailand.
Vietnam was kind of like the ulterior motive friend. France however, still has relatively good ties with Cambodia and not only has bilateral agreements and embassies but also helps out with internal development. Many schools and universities are funded by the French and are instructed in French as well however, due to the tourism sector Cambodians are favoring English more as a second language rather than French but they still teach it there.
In terms of their best friends, Cambodia would actually probably say China, Japan and South Korea as all three of these countries invest the heaviest in the country’s infrastructure and they have helped build roads, buildings, malls and business centers all over. Large flocks of Koreans and Japanese regularly visit Cambodia for vacation and are welcomed with open arms. In conclusion, Cambodia is a very vibrant colorful nation that had a really bad punch to the gut in the 70s but they didn’t throw in the towel just yet and they’re just starting to get their breath back stand up and get ready for another round.